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The National Trial Lawyers | Top 100 Trial Lawyers
AVVO Rating 10.0 Superb | Top Attorney Criminal Defense
Nation's Premier | NACDA | Top Ten Ranking 2014
10 Best 2014 | Client Satisfaction Award | American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys
2016 top 100 lawyer ASLA
10 best 2016 client satisfaction| American Institute of personal injury Attorneys

March 2014 Archives

Plain view under Pennsylvania law

Pennsylvania law discourages warrantless searches and seizures: Pennsylvania Courts have long held that any search or seizure conducted without a warrant is presumed to be unreasonable and, thus, unconstitutional.  In cases where a warrantless search occurs, it is the Commonwealth's burden to demonstrate that an exception or excuse to the general warrant requirement is applicable.

Abandonment of closed containers under Pennsylvania law

Under the Pennsylvania and United States Constitutions, people are protected from unreasonable search and seizures.  These provisions create their own issues dealing with searches and seizures.  This specific blog will deal with the abandonment of a closed container following a seizure.

Basics for determining guideline sentences in Pennsylvania

In Pennsylvania, anytime a person is accused of committing a crime that person must be aware of their possible exposure for incarceration.  An experienced attorney should know his client's possible exposure for jail time.  For each grading of a crime (felony, misdemeanor, summary), Pennsylvania law sets the maximum time for which a person guilty of that crime can be incarcerated.  However, within that maximum sentence are what is known as a "guideline sentence."

DUI refusal deemed not refusal in Pennsylvania Court

In Pennsylvania, defendants face dramatic sentencing enhancements for DUI when the defendant also fails to submit to chemical testing.  In a recent Pennsylvania case, a person was convicted of refusal in a case based on his conduct.  On appeal, the Superior Court reversed the conviction for the DUI - refusal.

DUI refusal based on the conduct of the defendant in Pennsylvania

Based on Pennsylvania law, the penalties for a DUI are enhanced dramatically in cases where the accused refuses to submit to chemical testing.  As discussed in an earlier blog, refusal can come from the accused expressly refusing (i.e. saying "No, I will not agree to submit to chemical testing).  

Calculating Prior Record Score for Out of State Convictions

Sentencing in Pennsylvania is based a combination of factors: facts of the case, age, victim identity, gravity of the offense, grading of the offense, and the accused's prior record score.  Prior record score is based on the types and number of prior convictions a person has.  A person accumulates "points" on his prior record based on felony convictions, consecutively sentenced misdemeanor convictions, etc.  The calculation for prior Pennsylvania convictions is very formulaic and set by statute.

DUI refusal in Pennsylvania

Under Pennsylvania law, any person who an officer believes is driving under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances is required to submit to chemical testing to determine if the person has alcohol or controlled substance in his blood and, if so, how much alcohol or controlled substance. If that person refuses to submit to the chemical testing, he can receive an increased penalty, if convicted, for the DUI and the refusal.

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Law Offices of Kelly & Conte
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