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Trials & Hearings Archives

Multiple Point Pennsylvania Offenses for Prior Record Score

In Pennsylvania, a person's prior record score is based on his prior convictions and the offense gravity score of the crime with which he is charged.  The general rule for prior record score is that a felony is graded as one point and a misdemeanor is graded as 1/2 point.  Under Pennsylvania law, however, certain offenses carry multiple points and can be relevant if someone is convicted of a crime in the future.

Juvenile adjudications calculated towards Prior Record Score in Pennsylvania

A common question from someone who is charged with a crime is what the potential punishment or time of incarceration could be for the charge.  In Pennsylvania, courts use sentencing guidelines as a guide for determining someone's sentence.  A person's guidelines are a combination of his prior record score and the offense gravity score.  This blog will address an issue dealing with a person's prior record score.

Basics for determining guideline sentences in Pennsylvania

In Pennsylvania, anytime a person is accused of committing a crime that person must be aware of their possible exposure for incarceration.  An experienced attorney should know his client's possible exposure for jail time.  For each grading of a crime (felony, misdemeanor, summary), Pennsylvania law sets the maximum time for which a person guilty of that crime can be incarcerated.  However, within that maximum sentence are what is known as a "guideline sentence."

Calculating Prior Record Score for Out of State Convictions

Sentencing in Pennsylvania is based a combination of factors: facts of the case, age, victim identity, gravity of the offense, grading of the offense, and the accused's prior record score.  Prior record score is based on the types and number of prior convictions a person has.  A person accumulates "points" on his prior record based on felony convictions, consecutively sentenced misdemeanor convictions, etc.  The calculation for prior Pennsylvania convictions is very formulaic and set by statute.

State Parole Violation Presumptive Ranges for Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania law provides for presumptive sentences for people who violate the terms of their state parole.  This blog will discuss the presumptive ranges for a person who is in violation of his state parole due to a new conviction.  

Pennsylvania Rule on Bad Act Evidence

Under Pennsylvania Rules of Evidence, generally, evidence of a past crime, wrong, or other bad act is not admissible for the purpose of showing that the accused did something bad in his past it is more likely he committed the crime he is presently facing at trial.  Stated a different way: it is the general rule that the Commonwealth is not permitted to introduce the defendant's prior crimes or other bad acts for the purpose of showing the defendant committed this present crime or to show "once a criminal, always a criminal."

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Law Offices of Kelly & Conte
213 W Miner Street #3
West Chester, PA 19382

Phone: 610-314-7066
Fax: 610-436-0628
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