Some of the most serious violent crimes that make their way through the criminal justice system involve domestic violence. Pennsylvania has passed a number of different statutes in order to alleviate the distress for victims of domestic violence. One such statue is section 2711of the Pa criminal code, relating to probable cause arrests for domestic violence cases. assault crimes This statue grants officers the same power to arrest an individual without a warrant as in a felony, whenever they have probable cause to believe the defendant has committed an act of domestic violence. Domestic violence is not in and of itself a separate statue. Although that is the case, it acts as an enhancement for violating statues including involuntary manslaughter, simple and aggravated assault, recklessly endangering another person, terroristic threats, stalking or strangulation against a family or household member. The violation of one of the previously mentioned statues against a family or household member, allows an officer even, if it did not happen in front of them, to arrest an individual as long as they have probable cause to believe that it took place.
Domestic abuse typically includes various types of violent crimes which the government can bring against a criminal defendant in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Examples of acts that typically qualify as various types of domestic abuse are; knowingly or intentionally causing bodily injury or fear of bodily injury to a victim, assault, rape, sexual abuse, or actions such as stalking. assault crimes Domestic abuse can also include acts of intimidation, manipulation, isolation, and humiliation. Abuse is not only considered physical, but can be through emotional, financial, or psychological actions. In order to fall under the umbrella of domestic abuse charges, the charges must be domestic. Accordingly, these charges are usually made by members of an intimate relationship, family members, or those of the same household. When accused of an act of domestic violence or abuse, police are encouraged by their supervisors to make an arrest in order to separate the combatants for the evening. However, it is up to the prosecutor to prove the criminal charges beyond a reasonable doubt.