Lying while under oath in criminal defense cases is known as perjury. Perjury is a criminal offense in the United States. sex crimes Specifically, in Pennsylvania, this statute is written under section 4902 of the Pa criminal code. It states that a person commits the act of perjury if they provide any false information while under oath, in any official proceeding. The offense of perjury is a felony of the third-degree and with it comes a sentence of up to seven years in a state prison. Most people associate the crime of perjury with idea that a witness in a criminal trial lied while testifying. While that is considered perjury, as mentioned in the statute, perjury applies to any official proceedings where the person given statements is under oath. This can include depositions and testimony that is not given on a witness stand. Due to the fact that it can be hard to prove that perjury took place, there are a number of defenses that an individual can use if charged with perjury.
In Pennsylvania, it is a type of White Collar Crime to make a false statement during a judicial proceeding. This White Collar Crime is known as Perjury. Per Title 18 Section 4902, a person commits Perjury if in any official proceeding he makes a false statement under oath or equivalent affirmation, or swears or affirms the truth of a statement previously made, when the statement is material and he does not believe it to be true. Fraud Falsification is material, regardless of the admissibility of the statement under rules of evidence, if it could have affected the course or outcome of the proceeding. It Is not a defense to prosecution that the oath or affirmation was administered or taken in an irregular manner or that the declarant was not competent to make the statement. Otherwise, there are several defenses to prosecution that can be used.