The act of false swearing in Criminal Defense cases is very similar to the act of perjury. self-defense Specifically, the act of false swearing is defined under section 4903 of the Pa criminal code. It essentially is lying under oath or the equivalent affirmation. False swearing can take place during any official proceeding and the statements must be made with the intention to mislead the public official and prohibit him from preforming his official function. In addition, there is also a provision of the statute that covers a situation in which an individual lies to a notary. The main difference between perjury and false swearing is that the false oath in perjury must be made in a judicial proceeding, whereas in false swearing does not need to be made in such a proceeding. While perjury can be based only on an oath required by law, in false swearing the oath may be made in a voluntary statement or affidavit, and it is not necessary that the purpose of the oath was to influence or mislead anyone.
Criminal Defense charges such as False Statement to a Police Office can be found in title 18 section 4906 of the Pa criminal code. Under the code, it is illegal to give false information law enforcement authorities. assault crimes The first subsection of the statute makes it illegal to falsely accuse someone of committing a crime you know they did not commit. This act is considered a misdemeanor of the second-degree and with it comes a sentence of up to two years in prison and a fine not to exceed $5000. The statute then goes on to define two different types of fictitious reports that are illegal to make. The first type of fictitious report is plain and simply making up an act that did not occur. For instance, someone might make up a robbery story in order to make an insurance claim for the "stolen" items.